The meeting tonight is a postponement of one which was to have taken place at the Town Hall last Sunday evening. It was to be a culmination of a three day conference, two of which were held at the Hotel Plaza, in discussing the Birth Control subject in its various and manifold aspects. The one issue upon which there seems to be most uncertainty and disagreement exists in the moral side of the subject of Birth Control. It seemed only natural for us to call together scientists, educators, members of the medical profession and the theologians of all denominations to ask their opinion upon this uncertain and important phase of the controversy.
Christian views on contraception Among Christian denominations today there are a large variety of positions towards contraception.
The Roman Catholic Church has disallowed artificial contraception for as far back as one can historically trace. Contraception was also officially disallowed by non-Catholic Christians until when the Anglican Communion changed its policy.
Soon after, according to Flann Campbell, most Protestant groups came to accept the use of modern contraceptives as a matter of what they considered Biblically allowable freedom of conscience.
The only form of birth control permitted is abstinence. Modern scientific methods of "periodic abstinence" such as natural family planning NFP were counted as a form of abstinence by Pope Paul VI in his encyclical Humanae Vitae.
Therefore We base Our words on the first principles of a human and Christian doctrine of marriage when We are obliged once more to declare that the direct interruption of the generative process already begun and, above all, all direct abortion, even for therapeutic reasons, are to be absolutely excluded as lawful means of regulating the number of children.
Equally to be condemned, as the magisterium of the Church has affirmed on many occasions, is direct sterilization, whether of the man or of the woman, whether permanent or temporary.
Similarly excluded is any action which either before, at the moment of, or after sexual intercourse, is specifically intended to prevent procreation—whether as an end or as a means.
A number of other documents provide more insight into the Church's position on contraception.
The commission appointed to study the question in the years leading up to Humanae Vitae issued two unofficial reports, a so-called "majority report" which attempted to express reasons the Catholic Church could change its teaching on contraception, and a "minority report" which explains the reasons for upholding the traditional Catholic view on contraception.
Later on, the instruction Dignitas Personae The morality of birth control by embryonic manipulations and new methods of contraception.
Roderick Hindery reported that a number of Western Catholics have voiced significant disagreement with the Church's stance on contraception. They insisted that "a Catholic Christian is not free to form his conscience without consideration of the teaching of the magisteriumin the particular instance exercised by the Holy Father in an encyclical letter".
Mumford, the Vatican 's opposition towards birth control continues to this day and has been a major influence on United States policies concerning the problem of population growth and unrestricted access to birth control.
Protestant views on birth control Author and FamilyLife Today radio host Dennis Rainey suggests four categories as useful in understanding current Protestant attitudes concerning birth control. These are the "children in abundance" group, such as Quiverfull adherents who view all birth control and natural family planning as wrong; the "children in managed abundance" group, which accept only natural family planning; the "children in moderation" group which accepts prudent use of a wide range of contraceptives; and, the "no children" group which sees itself as within their Biblical rights to define their lives around non-natal concerns.
Sex is a powerful drive, and for most of human history it was firmly linked to marriage and childbearing. Only relatively recently has the act of sex commonly been divorced from marriage and procreation. Modern contraceptive inventions have given many an exaggerated sense of safety and prompted more people than ever before to move sexual expression outside the marriage boundary.
Hinduism[ edit ] There is no ban on birth control in Hinduism. The Mahabharata mentions that killing an embryo is a sin. It also mentions in the story of King Yayati that a man solicited by a woman who is fertile and doesn't grant her wishes is regarded as a killer of the embryo.
However, most Hindus accept that there is a duty to have a family during the householder stage of life, and so are unlikely to use contraception to avoid having children altogether. The Dharma doctrine of the religious and moral codes of Hindus emphasizes the need to act for the sake of the good of the world.
Some Hindus, therefore, believe that producing more children than the environment can support goes against this Hindu code.
Although fertility is important, conceiving more children than can be supported is treated as violating the Ahimsa nonviolent rule of conduct.
The Islamic prophet Muhammad also is reported to have said "marry and procreate". Muhammad knew about this, but never advised against it. The method should not cause permanent sterility. Ahmadiyya Muslims believe birth control is prohibited if resorted to for fear of financial strain.
Jewish views on contraception The Jewish view on birth control currently varies between the OrthodoxConservativeand Reform branches of Judaism. Among Orthodox Judaism, use of birth control has been considered only acceptable for use in certain circumstances, for example, when the couple already has two children or if they are both in school.
However, it is more complex than that. It should be noted that the biblical law of being "fruitful" and "multiplying" is viewed as one that applies only to men, and women have no commandment to have children. This is the reason why women are the ones to choose a form of contraception that they wish to use i.
Generally speaking, when Orthodox Jewish couples contemplate the use of contraceptives, they generally consult a rabbi who evaluates the need for the intervention and which method is preferable from a halachic point of view.
Including the previously mentioned reasons already having children, student status, etc. In many modern Orthodox communities, it is recommended for young newlywed couples to wait a year before having a child so as to strengthen their marital foundation and their relationship before bringing children into the home.
This is because children generally require a strong parental unit, and bring challenges and difficult decisions which can be a heavier burden on the marriage itself if the parents are not functioning together well.
Since marriage is a sacred relationship of the highest importance in Judaism, couples are always counseled to behave and live in a manner that constantly works to uphold a happy and loving home; this may include planning to slightly delay having children when the couple has had a speedy dating and marriage timeline as is common in Orthodoxy when many couples abstain from premarital sex.
Conservative Judaism, while generally encouraging its members to follow the traditional Jewish views on birth control has been more willing to allow greater exceptions regarding its use to fit better within modern society. Reform Judaism has generally been the most liberal with regard to birth control allowing individual followers to use their own judgment in what, if any, birth control methods they might wish to employ.
This precludes them from utilizing some forms of " natural birth control " such as the " Calendar-based contraceptive methods " which are relatively unobjectionable to other religious groups. The introduction of oral contraception, or "the pill," in the s and the intrauterine device did not cause a big uprising in the Jewish community as it did in other religious communities due to the understanding of their great benefit and no strict association with their availability and greater promiscuity, as has been the fear in other religions.Margaret Sanger.
The Morality of Birth Control. delivered 18 November , Park Theatre, NY. click for pdf click for flash. The meeting tonight is a postponement of one which was to have taken place at the Town Hall last Sunday evening.
Religious adherents vary widely in their views on birth control. This can be true even between different branches of one faith, as in the case of Judaism.
Some religious believers find that their own opinions of the use of birth control differ from the beliefs espoused by the leaders of their faith, and many grapple with the ethical dilemma of.
“The Morality of Birth Control.” “The Morality of Birth Control” by Margaret Sanger, an American Birth Control Activist, gave logical information, arguments about ethics for women, and brought out an emotional response. It was the last meeting in a three days conference discussing the necessity of birth control use.
Margaret Sanger raised the question of morality of birth control speaking to this topic supporting her point of view with a number of ethos, logos and using some pathos as well.
Morality and Birth Control by Margaret Sanger is a pamphlet written in questioning the morality of denying the knowledge of birth control to working class kaja-net.com compares the lack of education given to women at that time to the “shackles of slavery.” Sanger believes that birth control is the first step towards women’s freedom.
what is the difference between birth control and abortion? Birth control is the practice of preventing unwanted pregnancies, whereas, abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy.
The goal of birth control is to prevent conception.