Before the Civil War the United States experienced a whole generation of nearly unremitting political crisis.
Visit Website Did you know? As the Union and Confederate armies camped across the Rappahannock River from each other in the winter ofbands on both sides played the popular ballad "Home Sweet Home. Beforenew volunteer regiments usually included a regimental band; when the proliferation of bands became too unwieldy, many regimental bands were dismissed, but some survived, or were replaced by brigade bands to serve a larger contingent of troops.
The Role of Newspapers With the invention of the telegraph and a better mechanical printing pressthe newspaper business had begun to explode in the years leading up to the Civil War. Bythe country could boast some 2, publications, many of them published weekly or daily. Widespread use of the telegraph meant that war-related news reached Americans across the country, in both rural and urban areas, in an extremely short time.
The Civil War would become the most well-reported conflict in history: Reporters traveling with the armies sent dispatches directly from the field, and many soldiers wrote letters for their hometown newspapers. In addition, mass-produced newspapers were selling for just a penny, enabling them to reach a much greater audience than ever before.
In addition to straight reporting, newspapers particularly pictorial ones published a wide variety of political cartoons. By satirizing controversial leaders, celebrating victories and laying blame for defeats, the cartoons became an integral part of how many Americans processed the staggering events of the war.
Wartime Photography The Civil War was also the first major conflict in history to be extensively photographed.
The Civil War A Civil War is a war between opposing groups of citizens from the same country. In , two parts of America went to war against each other. After 4 years, the Union won. Many people died on both sides, and the South suffered terribly. No one expected the Civil War to be long. It became one of the worst wars in American history. Mar 21, · Watch video · Civil War Culture: Confederate and Union Money. Of all the disadvantages the Confederacy experienced during the Civil War, its lack of a sound currency was particularly damaging. Most of the fighting during the American Civil War took place on Southern soil. In part, this was the result of the war strategies of both sides. To win the war, the South had only to survive. On the other hand, for the North to win, the Union had to be restored. Thus, Union forces had to conquer.
Like newspapers reporters, photographers went into army camps and onto the field of battle to capture images of wartime life and death. Mathew Bradywho by had built a successful career taking daguerreotype photographs of politicians, authors, actors and other famous figures, decided to make a complete record of the war.
Hiring a staff of photographers including Alexander Gardner and Timothy H.
He got behind the camera himself on only a few occasions notably at Bull Run, Antietam and Gettysburg but generally refused to give his staff individual credit for their photos. Photography in the war years was a difficult and cumbersome process.
Photographers transported their heavy equipment in wagons, and were often forced to develop the images in makeshift darkrooms inside those same wagons. Confederate and Union Money Of all the disadvantages the Confederacy experienced during the Civil War, its lack of a sound currency was particularly damaging.
In addition, the South never developed an adequate system of taxation and was unable to produce what it needed or export the goods it did produce, due to the increasingly effective Union blockade of the Atlantic coast. By comparison, the North had relatively little trouble financing the war effort.
Congress passed the Internal Revenue Act ofwhich included the first personal income tax in American history; the new Internal Revenue Board began collecting taxes the following year. The value of these greenbacks rose and fell throughout the war, but they did provide enough currency for circulation.
The National Bank Act provided additional stability by establishing a national banking system, which gave the country a federal currency for the first time.CHARACTERISTICS OF THE NORTH AND SOUTH The North and the South were fighting over slavery.
The South thought that slavery was right, and the North thougth that slavery was not right. Both sides thought that the war was not going to last every long. Before The Civil War on the South's side. Before. For many years the effect of the Civil War on civilian life was neglected in the history books.
Telling the tales of generals and soldiers on the battleground during a brutal conflict naturally took precedence.
In his book, Army Life: A Private’s Reminiscences of the Civil War, Theodore Gerrish recalls a time spent too long in camp and writes, “One of the most disastrous features of the gloomy situation was the terrible sickness of the soldiers men were unused to the climate, the exposure, and the food, so that the whole experience was in direct.
Antebellum Period summary: The Antebellum Period in American history is generally considered to be the period before the civil war and after the War of , although some historians expand it to all the years from the adoption of the Constitution in to the beginning of the Civil War.
It was characterized by the rise of abolition and the gradual polarization of the country between abolitionists and supporters of .
Life in the South during the Civil War was even more difficult than in the North. The Union had blockaded many of the ports of the South, causing shortages of food and other items that people needed. Also, most of the war took place in the South.
The Civil War Differences Between the North and South Geography of the North • Climate –frozen winters; hot/humid summers • During the Civil War, Lincoln freed all the slaves in states that were rebelling BATTLES of the Civil War BULL RUN (VA) • 1st major battle of the Civil War • Stonewall Jackson stopped.