Wildlife Himalaya Himalayas is known for its historical, religious, and geographical significance. Historically it has a lot of relevance it served as a guard from various invasions, a border and a meeting ground for different races, culture and religion. It formed a divide between India and Tibet. But that barrier didn't stopped individuals from pursuing adventurous journeys to explore the unknown side of the mountains.
Formerly, they were described in the singular as the Himalaya in hindi. Geography and key features[ edit ] See also: List of Himalayan peaks and passes In the middle of the great curve of the Himalayan mountains lie the m peaks of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna in Nepalseparated by the Kali Gandaki Gorge.
The gorge splits the Himalayas into Western and Eastern sections both ecologically and orographically — the pass at the head of the Kali Gandaki, the Kora La is the lowest point on the ridgeline between Everest and K2. To the south of these lies Kathmanduthe capital of Nepal and the largest city in the Himalayas.
Cho OyuEverestLhotse and Makalu. The Khumbu region, popular for trekking, is found here on the south-western approaches to Everest. The Arun river drains the northern slopes of these mountains, before turning south and flowing through the range to the east of Makalu.
The eastern side of Kanchenjunga is in the Indian state of Sikkim. Formerly an independent Kingdom, it lies on the main route from India to LhasaTibet, which passes over the Nathu La pass into Tibet.
East of Sikkim lies the ancient Buddhist Kingdom of Bhutan. The highest mountain in Bhutan is Gangkhar Puensumwhich is also a strong candidate for the highest unclimbed mountain in the world. The Himalayas here are becoming increasingly rugged with heavily forested steep valleys.
The Himalayas continue, turning slightly northeast, through the Indian State of Arunachal Pradesh as well as Tibet, before reaching their easterly conclusion in the peak of Namche Barwasituated in Tibet inside the great bend of the Yarlang Tsangpo river.
On the other side of the Tsangpo, to the east, are the Kangri Garpo mountains. The high mountains to the north of the Tsangpo including Gyala Perihowever, are also sometimes also included in the Himalayas. Going west from Dhaulagiri, Western Nepal is somewhat remote and lacks major high mountains, but is home to Rara Lakethe largest lake in Nepal.
The Karnali River rises in Tibet but cuts through the center of the region. Further west, the border with India follows the Sarda River and provides a trade route into China, where on the Tibetan plateau lies the high peak of Gurla Mandhata.
Just across Lake Manasarovar from this lies the sacred Mount Kailashwhich stands close to the source of the four main rivers of Himalayas and is revered in Hinduism, Buddhism, Sufism, Jainism, and Bonpo. The state is also an important pilgrimage destination, with the source of the Ganges at Gangotri and the Yamuna at Yamunotriand the temples at Badrinath and Kedarnath.
Panoramic view of Langtang Range in Nepal The next Himalayan Indian state, Himachal Pradeshlacks very high mountains, but is noted for its hill stations, particularly Shimlathe summer capital of the British Rajand Dharmasalathe centre of the Tibetan community in exile in India. This area marks the start of the Punjab Himalaya and the Sutlej riverthe most easterly of the five tributaries of the Induscuts through the range here.
Beyond lies the renown Kashmir Valley and the town and lakes of Srinagar.
Geology[ edit ] The 6,kilometre-plus journey of the India landmass Indian Plate before its collision with Asia Eurasian Plate about 40 to 50 million years ago  Main article: Geology of the Himalaya The Himalayan range is one of the youngest mountain ranges on the planet and consists mostly of uplifted sedimentary and metamorphic rock.
According to the modern theory of plate tectonicsits formation is a result of a continental collision or orogeny along the convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. About 50 million years ago this fast moving Indo-Australian Plate had completely closed the Tethys Oceanthe existence of which has been determined by sedimentary rocks settled on the ocean floor and the volcanoes that fringed its edges.
Since both plates were composed of low density continental crustthey were thrust faulted and folded into mountain ranges rather than subducting into the mantle along an oceanic trench.
The movement of the Indian plate into the Asian plate also makes this region seismically active, leading to earthquakes from time to time. During the last ice agethere was a connected ice stream of glaciers between Kangchenjunga in the east and Nanga Parbat in the west.
Thus, the climate was at least 7. As a result, the main ridge of the Himalayas is not clearly defined, and mountain passes are not as significant for traversing the range as with other mountain ranges.His Himalaya Poems are to be published soon by Green Integer. Click here for his website.
Brother Anthony of Taizé is a contributing editor at Asymptote. He was born in England in and has been living in Korea since The Himalayas are a large mountain range in south central Asia,roughly between India and the Tibetan Plateau in southwest kaja-net.com small countries within the mountains are Ne pal, Bhutan, andTibet (which is claimed and occupied as a region of China).
The Himalayas pass through India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China,Bhutan, Nepal, and Burma. Most important topies of 01 Geography Formation of HIMALAYAS. Eurasian Plate Persia-Tibet-Burma Orogeny Indian Plate 15 29 36 26 Arabian Plate Sunda Plate 26 46 Burma Plate Somali Plate Ninety East-Sumatra Orogeny Australian Plate s.
HI N A Pangea . He finally recovered and composed a poetic record of his Tibetan journey, Himalaya Poems. It was published in Korea in the year It was published in Korea in the year An English version is to be published by Green Integer early in Makali, Bengaluru, KA, , India; 1() / 1() (Toll-free in India) [email protected] Himalayas were formed when Gondwana land moved towards Angaraland and collided with it.